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Mining and the Law In Africa: Exploring the Social & Environmental Impacts

About your facilitators




Victoria is a lawyer and an Energy and Mining expert, with extensive experience working on various projects in the different parts of the Globe. She is a holder of a PhD in International Energy Law and Policy (Dundee, UK). Victoria is the Founder of a charity NGO, the African Energy and Minerals Management Initiative. She is the CEO and lead consultant at Nalule Energy & Minerals Consultants. She is also an Energy & Natural Resources Law Lecturer at the University of Bradford, UK.

Victoria is enthusiastic about energy arbitration & dispute resolution. As such, she is an Energy Arbitrator at the Energy Disputes Arbitration Center (EDAC), Turkey. She is a committee member at the International Law Association (ILA): and at Access for Women in Energy.

Victoria is an author and has widely published on topics relating to oil, gas, renewable energy, climate change, mining and International Arbitration. Her latest five books covering energy, mining, land access and Extractives, energy arbitration, and negotiation in Extractives.

Victoria offers extensive experience in the Energy and Mining sectors having worked with various institutions; regional and international organizations including assignments for The Queen Mary University of London (EU Energy Project); The International Energy Charter Secretariat in Belgium; The Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment in New York; the East African Community Secretariat in Tanzania; the Southern African Development Community Secretariat in Botswana; International Arbitration Case Law in New York; Uganda Christian University; to mention but a few. She has also worked with both the private and public legal sectors.

She has presented as a speaker and panellist in several forums and conferences. She has also advised African governments on oil, gas and mining projects including training officials from the Nigerian Petroleum Development Company: leading a capacity building training for an international NGO OXFAM: appearing as an expert witness before the Commission of Inquiry into Land matters in Uganda; presenting comments on the South African Petroleum Bill before the country’s Policy Makers; leading a team of energy experts in reviewing Energy/Mining laws and policies for countries such as Namibia, Ethiopia, Uganda etc.

Victoria has an active YouTube Channel and Podcast both focused on energy and mining discussions. She is one of the few people who got her PhD in less than 3 years below the age of 30 years. For more, visit


The mining sector has been an integral part of economic development in many African countries. Although minerals have been exploited for decades in these countries, the benefits have not always been as visible. This has necessitated reforms, including the nationalisation of mining activities in the distant past; and current legal and regulatory reforms. This course is inspired by Dr Victoria Nalule’s book titled, ‘Mining and the Law in Africa: Exploring the Social and Environmental Impacts’. Consequently, the participants for this course will benefit from the practical and analytical insights of the various mining law reforms, including the various fieldwork mining documentaries recorded by the author.


The central question to be addressed in this course is, why have the mining laws worked in some countries but not others? What can be done to ensure that these mining laws are effective in Africa? Consequently, the course will provide an analysis of the legal reforms made in the sector and highlight both the challenges and the opportunities for foreign investors, the African governments and local communities. The course further explores the various social and environmental impacts associated with both Large-Scale Mining (LSM); and Artisanal & Small-Scale Mining (ASM).


Delivered by renowned international mining experts, the course will provide our participants with practical expertise in formulating and analysing mining laws and regulations at the national, regional and international level. They will understand the political, legal, social and economic aspects relating to mining governance. They will appreciate the practical issues associated with Artisanal Mining in Africa, the rising role of critical minerals, the reforms sweeping the African Mining codes, and the issues relating to acquiring a social licence to operate in the African Mining Communities.

This 12-week course is suited for lawyers, researcher, policymakers, practitioners, and students in Energy and Geography related fields.

Who Should Study This Course?

· Lawyers and practitioners

· Government officials and policymakers interested in mining management and governance

· Practitioners involved in sustainable development.

· Graduate students and undergraduate students interested in the energy, mining and environmental sectors.

Relevant Book for this Course

Nalule, Victoria R. Mining and the Law in Africa: Exploring the social and environmental impacts. Springer Nature, 2019.